The ageism It affects older workers more intensely in Spain, if we compare it with the reality of other countries. For this reason, the employment rate among people over 55 years of age is below the European Union average.
How age discrimination affects the elderly in Spain
It is the main conclusion that the 2023 edition of the Age-Platform Europe Barometer. This is an annual study that monitors the employment situation of older people and tries to find ways for their inclusion in the labor market.
In the section dedicated to our country, the Barometer points out that one in three people in Spain is over 55 years old, which represents more than 15.5 million inhabitants. Furthermore, the accelerated aging of the Spanish population will continue in the coming years, putting strain on the economy and the sustainability of the pension system.
At the same time, the employment rate among the elderly continues to decline. It currently stands at 57.7%, a figure significantly below the 62.3% European average. And its unemployment rate is 13.4%, the highest in the entire European Union.
Eight out of ten people of the active population in this age group are employed. However, when they lose their jobthere are more and more who they choose self-employment instead of looking for another salaried job. And this despite the fact that they have the possibility of benefiting from unemployment benefits.
There are hardly any programs recruiting senior talent In our country. Only some large companies have carried out training actions in this regard.
The Barometer draws attention to the fact that this situation occurs regardless of the fact that in Spain there are anti-discrimination laws due to age (and for any other reason). Article 14 of the Constitution, articles 4 and 17 of the Workers’ Statute and Law 19/2020, of December 30, on Equal Treatment and Non-Discrimination, are cited in this regard.
The Barometer proposals
The purpose of the Barometer, as has been said, is to ask about the ways generational equality can be achieved and the inclusion of the elderly in the labor market.
Combating age discrimination means that workplaces and working conditions They must be adapted to the needs of all generational groups.
This also involves investing in training that allows older people adapt to the continuous innovations that emerge in the market. In this sense, its updating and access to digital technologies must be facilitated.
Furthermore, it is important to be aware that the inclusion of older people in work teams is not a burden. The added experience that generational diversity provides in companies results in a better ability to resolve conflicts and greater productivity.
The Age-Platform and the Barometer 2023
The AGE Platform Europe AISBL was created in 2001 and brings together more than 160 organizations of people over 50 years of age from the European Union.
The Barometer 2023 focuses on Germany, Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Finland, France, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Malta, Norway, the Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Romania and Sweden.
The Spanish Confederation of Seniors’ Organizations (CEOMA)the Federation of Associations of Great People of Catalonia (FATEC) and the Pillars for Autonomy Foundation provided the data for Spain.